this is a collection of rights belonging to the author in connection with the creation and use of works of literature, science, art. This is a set of legal norms governing relations arising from the creation and use of works of literature, art and science. Copyright establishes favorable legal conditions for creative activity, ensures the availability of the results of this activity to the whole society. It determines and ensures broad protection of personal non-property and property rights of authors.
Objects of copyright:
• literary written works of a publicistic, scientific, technical or other nature (books, pamphlets, articles, etc.);
• speeches, lectures, speeches, sermons and other oral works;
• computer programs;
• musical works;
• dramatic, musical-dramatic works, pantomimes, choreographic and other works created for the stage show, and their productions;
• audiovisual works;
• works of fine art;
• works of architecture, urban planning and landscape art;
• photographic works, including works performed in ways similar to photography;
• works of applied art;
• illustrations, maps, plans, drawings, sketches, plastic works relating to geography, geology, topography, engineering, architecture and other fields of activity;
• stage processing of works, processing of folklore, suitable for stage display;
• collections of works, collections of folklore processing, encyclopedias and anthologies, collections of ordinary data, other composite works provided that they are the result of creative work;
• texts of translations.
The author, having created the work, automatically acquires ownership rights to it. At the same time in Ukraine, there is a mechanism for registration of copyright. Registration is handled by the State Intellectual Property Service of Ukraine, which keeps records of authors, registers their works, issues certificates to authors.
Property and non-property rights of the author.
It is necessary to distinguish between the author’s property and non-property rights.
Non-property rights include:
• the right to demand recognition of one’s authorship by properly indicating the author’s name on the work and its copies and during any of its public uses;
• the right to prohibit, during the public use of a work, the mention of his name, if he as the author of the work wishes to remain anonymous;
• the right to choose an alias, to require an alias on the work and its copies and during any of its public use;
• the right to demand the preservation of the integrity of the work and to resist any distortion, distortion or other modification of the work or any other encroachment on the work, which can damage the author’s honor and reputation.
The property rights include:
• the exclusive right to use the work;
• the exclusive right to authorize or prohibit the use of the work by others.
It is on the basis of the emergence of property rights that the author has the opportunity to receive remuneration for the use of his work. The law establishes the period of validity of the author’s property rights throughout the life of the author and 70 years after his death (remuneration for the use of the work after the death of the author is obtained by his heirs).
Non-property rights of the author are protected indefinitely.
What document is confirmed by copyright?
Copyright is certified by a Certificate issued by the State Intellectual Property Service.
Why is it necessary to register copyrights?
Although registered and unregistered works, according to the Law of Ukraine “On Copyright and Related Rights” are protected in the same way, registration of the copyright to a work gives an opportunity to obtain a certificate confirming the ownership of copyright to one or another person. The certificate is the only convincing way to confirm its authorship of a work in case of its misuse by other persons, in court cases, in concluding agreements to receive remuneration for the use of the work, and the like.
Types of registrations:
• Registration of authors’ copyright for a work.
• Registration of agreements on transfer (alienation) of property rights to a work.